Integral University Lucknow | SDG Research Focus and Sustainable Development Projects

Directorate of Solar Photovoltaic Systems


SPV related PhD, Research Articles & Patents

PhD Thesis 16 Nos. Completed – 6
Ongoing - 10
Publications 47 Nos. Scopus – 43
UGC – 4
Patent 3 Nos. Granted – 2
Published – 1

SPV related PhD Thesis:-

Title Status
Development and Integration of Multilevel Inverter for Solar PV Applications Completed
Performance Value Optimization for Obtaining High Efficiency in GaAs Solar Cells Completed
Development of Solar PV Based Grid-Tied Multilevel Inverters Completed
Performance Evaluation of Hybrid Solar PV/Diesel Engine Systems for Telecommunication base Station Power Supply Completed
Modulation and control of novel multilevel inverter topology for Solar PV application Completed
Performance evaluation of Solar Photovoltaic Module using Photoluminescence image analysis Completed
Machine Learning Perspective for Energy Conversion Process in Organic Solar Cells. Ongoing
Analytical Study of BIPV System performance for tropical and subtropical desert climate Ongoing
Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-material based Solar Photovoltaic Cell Ongoing
Economic Operation for DC Connected Battery and Solar PV Plant Ongoing
Optimization algorithm based maximum power point tracking of Solar PV system under varying conditions Ongoing
Design, Modelling and Performance Analysis of High-Gain Non-isolated DC-DC Converter for Solar PV Applications Ongoing
Development of Novel approach for parameter extraction of Organic Solar Cell using optimization algorithm Ongoing
Investigation of grid connected solar PV system Ongoing
Computational Chemistry in Design Optimization of Organic Solar Photovoltaics Ongoing
Smart Optimization of Photovoltaic panel output Ongoing

SPV related Research Articles :-

Title Status
Performance Analysis and Comparative Study of a 467.2 kWp Grid-Interactive SPV System: A Case Study. (2022) Scopus Indexed
An Environment Friendly Energy-Saving Dispatch Using Mixed Integer Linear Programming Relaxation in the Smart Grid with Renewable Energy Sources. (2022) Scopus
MPPT-based on Bat algorithm for photovoltaic systems working under partial shading conditions (2022) SCI
Modelling and Analysis of Organic Solar Cells Using Multiple Diodes (2022) Scopus
Comparison and Analysis of Transformer less Topologies For Grid Connected PV Systems (2022) Scopus
Analysis of Integrated DC-DC Converter-based Grid Connected Transformer-less Photovoltaic Inverter (2022) Scopus
Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for Maximum Power Point Tracking (2022) Scopus
In roads to OPV Design Perspective: Limitations & optimum parametric characterization (2022) Scopus
Application Of Multilevel Inverters in Power Generation Using Renewable Resources (2022) Scopus
Performance Analysis of Power Flow Controller used for Solar PV based grid integrated system (2022) Scopus
Design And Performance Analysis of Grid Connected Solar Photo Voltaic System. (2021) Scopus
Electricity Demand Modeling Techniques for Hybrid Solar PV System (2021) Scopus
Energy Demand Modelling and ANN Based Forecasting using MATLAB/Simulink (2021) Scopus
Particle Swarm Optimization based Maximum Power Tracking Techniques for Solar PV System under Partially Shaded Conditions (2021) Scopus
MPPT Based SPV System Design and Simulation Using Interleaved Boost Converter (2021) Scopus
Chaos Induced Coyote Algorithm (CICA) for Extracting the Parameters in a Single, Double, and Three Diode Model of a Mono-Crystalline, Polycrystalline, and a Thin-Film Solar PV Cell (2021) SCI
A new high-gain DC-DC converter with continuous input current for DC microgrid applications (2021) SCI
Assessment of Meta-Heuristic and Classical Methods for GMPPT of PV System (2021) Scopus
Chaos Induced Coyote Algorithm (CICA) for Extracting the Parameters in a Single, Double, and Three Diode Model of a Mono-Crystalline, Polycrystalline, and a Thin-Film Solar PV Cell (2021) Scopus
Development of solar photovoltaic model for wide range of operating conditions (2021) Scopus
Electricity demand modeling techniques for hybrid solar PV system (2021) Scopus
Least mean sixth control approach for three-phase three-wire grid-integrated PV system (2021) Scopus
Optimization and sizing of SPV/Wind hybrid renewable energy system: A techno-economic and social perspective (2021) Scopus
Chaos Induced Coyote Algorithm (CICA) For Extracting the Parameters in A Single, Double, And Three Diode Model. (2021) UGC Care
Artificial Bee Colony Based Solar PV System with Z-Source Multilevel Inverter (2020) Scopus
Efficiency enhancement of solar panel using photodiode (2020) Scopus
Parameter Extraction of a Solar PV Cell Using Projectile Search Algorithm (2020) Scopus
Design Modeling and Simulation of 150 KW Solar Photovoltaic Systems: A Review. (2019) Scopus
Effect of Bypass Diode under Partial Shading in SPV Module (2019) Scopus
Performance of Partially Shaded Solar Photovoltaic System (2019) Scopus
Performance estimation of 111kWp grid interactive solar PV power plant at Integral University (2019) Scopus
Solar PV Based Grid-Tied Multilevel Inverter Topology (2019) UGC Care
Cost Optimization of Electricity Generation by Adding SPV Plant at Load End in A Grid Connected System (2019) Scopus
Variable parameter resized zero attracting least mean fourth control for grid-tied PV system (2019) Scopus
Analysis of Current Density, Absorption Coefficient for Increasing the Efficiency of Solar Cell by using GaAs as Substrate (2019) UGC Care
Modeling and simulation of photovoltaic cell using single diode solar cell and double diode solar cell model (2019) Scopus
Artificial Bee Colony Based Solar PV System with Z-Source Multilevel Inverter (2019) Scopus
Efficiency enhancement of solar panel using photodiode (2019) Scopus
Parameter Extraction of a Solar PV Cell Using Projectile Search Algorithm (2019) Scopus
Performance of solar cell under changing atmospheric condition (2019) Scopus
Review of solar photovoltaic and wind hybrid energy systems for sizing strategies optimization techniques and cost analysis methodologies (2018) Scopus
Critical evaluation of offline MPPT techniques of solar PV for stand-alone applications (2017) Scopus
Generation of electricity using renewable energy resources (2017) Scopus
Modeling and Analysis of the Photovoltaic Array feeding a Single Phase SPWM Inverter (2017) Web of Science
Development of a novel three phase grid-tied multilevel inverter topology (2016) Scopus
Performance analysis of multilevel inverter with SPWM strategy using MATLAB / Simulink (2016) Scopus

SPV related Patents:-

Title Status
A Method and a System for the Performance of Solar Cell under Changing Atmospheric Condition 03/11/2020 (Grant)
A System for Maximum Power Point Tracking Based on Fractional Voltage Method 05/03/2020 (Grant)
A High Gain DC-DC Converter for Maximum Power Point Tracking in a Solar PV Generation System 16/10/2020 (Published)

New Projects

1. Real Time Energy Consumption Monitoring System

Integral University

Real Time Energy Monitoring System is recently installed in 40 kW SPV plant at Pharmacy Block to clearly distinguish whether the power consumed in building is generated internally from the solar power plant or imported from the grid. Monitoring details are as under:

  • Solar Generation Monitoring – Daily, Monthly Cumulative and till date cumulative solar generation.
  • Grid Consumption Details – Daily, Monthly cumulative grid consumption.
  • DG Set Running Status.
  • Phase Current RYB Status – To check unbalanced loading.
  • Power Factor Status – For maximum energy utilization of grid.

2. Micro-Inverter along-with Monocrystalline Module PV System

Latest system integration technique where centralized inverters are replaced by microinverters connected to each module in the SPV system independently.


  • Each module is connected to one Micro-Inverter and thus are independent of each other. No string system is required.
  • Shadow issues and dust accumulation on one module will not affect the others.
  • High DC voltage is not generated which prevents fire hazard.
  • Each inverter has inbuilt MPPT which avoids module mismatch.
  • Remote, individual module level monitoring is possible.
Integral University

Comparison between presently installed String Inverter System and Micro-inverter system. The shadowed panel will not affect other panels in micro-inverter systems whereas in string inverter system all the panels are adversely affected. (Picture: Enphase Energy Systems, USA)

3. Design of High Efficiency Organic Solar Cells

Organic Semiconductors form the basis of Organic Solar Cells. They have alternating single & double bond conjugated structures and conduct electricity based on their chemical configurations.

Structure: Generally, an organic solar cell mainly consists of cathode, active layer, anode and buffer regions. Photovoltaic action is initiated in active layer which comprises of donor and acceptor materials. The interface between the acceptor and donor materials is called the junction and has been research focus for higher efficiency.

Present Status: Development of prototype organic solar cell with improved efficiency through device engineering is the target. Computer simulation, in-silico model development and design verification for the same is complete in association with IITR-Lucknow and IIT-Kanpur. Prototype development is under process in association with LNMIIT, Jaipur. We are thankful to these institutions for their support and guidance.

Integral University


These materials are flexible, economic, environment friendly and may be easily designed for better optical, electrical and mechanical properties.

Integral University